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The Participles

124. Point out the First Participle and state its functions in the sentence:

1. She sat very still, and the train rattled on in the dying twilight. 2.1 sat quite silent, watching his face, a strong and noble face. 3. He wished to say something sympathetic, but, being an Englishman, could only turn away his eyes. 4. She was always to him a laughing girl, with dancing eyes full of eager expectation. 5. It was a bright Sunday morning of early summer, promising heat. 6. The door opened and he entered, carrying his head as though it held some fatal secret. 7. I'm afraid it's the moon looking so much like a slice of melon. 8. Lying he spoke more quickly than when he told the truth. 9. I hadn't slept the night before, and, having eaten a heavy lunch, was agreeably drowsy. 10. When driving in London itself she had as immediate knowledge of its streets5'as any taxi-driver. 11. "What a nice lunch," said Clare, eating the sugar at the bottom of her coffee cup. 12. While eating and drinking they talked loudly in order that all present might hear what they said. 13. For the first time she stared about her, trying to see what there was. 14.1 received from her another letter saying that she was passing .through Paris and would like to have a chat with me. 15.1 sat on the doorstep holding my little sister in my arms thinking over my chances of escaping from home. 16.1 used to tell all my troubles to Mrs. Winkshap, our neighbour living next door. 17. "It's a quarter past seven," he said trying as hard as he could to keep relief from his voice. 18. As he wrote, bending over his desk, his mouth worked.

125. Use the appropriate form of the First Participle of the verbs brackets:

1. (to look) out of the window, she saw there was a man working in the garden. 2. That night, (to go) up to his room Shelton thought of his unpleasant duty. 3. (to descend) to the hall, he came on Mr. Dennant (to cross) to his study, with a handful of official-looking papers. 4. The carriage was almost full, and (to put) his bag up in the rack, he took his seat. 5. (to know) that she couldn't trust Jim, she sent Peter instead. 6. (to do) all that was required, he was the last to leave the office. 7. (to return) home in the afternoon, she became conscious of her mistake. 8. He couldn't join his friends (to be) still busy in the laboratory. 9. (to finish) his work, he seemed more pleased than usual. 10. (to step) inside, he found himself in what had once been a sort of office. 11. He left the room again, (to close) the door behind him with a bang. 12.1 spent about ten minutes (to turn) over the sixteen pages of "The Times" before I found the chief news and articles. 13. (to turn) to the main street, he ran into Donald and Mary (to return) from school. 14. (to return) from the expedition he wrote a book about Central Africa. 15. (to get) out of bed she ran to the window and drew the curtain aside. 16 (to confuse) by his joke, she blushed. 17, (to inform) of their arrival the day before, he was better prepared to meet them than anyone of us. 18. Sir Henry paused and then said, (to glance) down at his watch, "Edward's arriving by the 12.15."

126. Translate the sentences into English, using the First Participle:

1. Будьте осторожны, пересекая улицу. 2. Написав сочинение, она начала готовить другое задание. 3. Студенты, не уделяющие достаточно внимания грамматике, никогда не овладеют английским языком. 4. Мы сидели в саду и разговаривали о нашей поездке по Волге. 5. Сбежав с лестницы, она остановилась на мгновение, как бы колеблясь, в каком направлении пойти. 6. Объяснив все подробно, он спокойно сел на свое место. 7. Очутившись одна на улице, она сразу пожалела о том, что случилось. 8. Схватив сына на руки, Элиза бросилась бежать. 9. Молодой человек, стоявший у окна, внимательно посмотрел на меня. 10. Проводив сына, они медленно возвращались с вокзала. 11. Театры Ист-Энда часто ставят пьесы, затрагивающие многие современные проблемы. 12. Утопающий за соломинку хватается. 13. Маме приходилось много раз вставать из-за стола, меняя тарелки и принося то одно, то другое блюдо. 14. Заметив меня, она остановилась.

127. Point out the Complex Object with the First Participle. Translate the sentences into Russian:

1. I heard the visitor walking restlessly backwards and forwards. I also heard him talking to himself. 2. She turned and saw Shelton standing down there. 3. He felt his irritation mounting. 4. He found Dora reading a novel in their bedroom. 5. With amusement they watched them going. 6. We heard her walking on the stairs by the cellar. 7. At that moment I noticed Charles sitting a little farther in the hall. 8. For the first time she found herself wondering about him. 9. The moon came fully through a cloud, and he was startled as he suddenly saw her face looking at him. 10. You can always find him handing round bread and butter at a tea party. 11. He felt the bridge shaking under his feet. 12. Then in the complete silence of the night he heard somebody opening the door quietly. 13. He looked at groups of young girls walking arm in arm. 14. Soames raised his hand to his forehead, where suddenly she saw moisture shining. 15. As I was looking this over I heard the doors which led on to the main corridor being opened.

128. Use the Infinitive or the First Participle of the verbs in brackets to form a Complex Object:

1. A moment later they heard her bedroom door (to shut) with a bang. 2. I've never heard your canary (to sing). Is there anything the matter with the bird? 3. Would you like me (to make) you lunch, or have you had some? 4.1 want you (to explain) the disappointment we had this morning. 5. She watched him (to pass) the gate and (to walk) down the street. 6. Through the chink in the shutters she watched Emma (to pick) cherries in the orchard. 7. The captain said something which made them (to laugh), he did not hear what it was. 8. They had their own pattern of life and expected me (to fit) in. 9. You can see him (to work) in his little garden every day. 10. She had never heard philosophy (to pass) those lips before. 11. I saw him (to put) his suitcase right here. 12. During that moment Miss Pembroke told a lie, and made Rickie (to believe) it was the truth. 13. Together they watched the old oak (to drop) its leaves. 14. He found them (to sit) together and (to talk) peacefully. They did not notice him (to approach). 15. He felt the water (to reach) his knees. 16. She felt her voice (to tremble) and tried to control herself. 17. We saw him (to open) the envelope and (to read) something hastily. 18.1 saw hdm (to unfold) the telegram slowly and hesitatingly as though he expected it (to contain) some bad news. 19. He heard the young people (to sing) and (to shout) from the opposite bank. 20. She watched him (to work) for a long time.

129. Point out the "Nominative Absolute" construction and translate the sentences into Russian:

1. She had sunk into a chair and was sitting there, her small fingers curling and uncurling themselves nervously. 2. The door being opened, and Bunter having produced an electric torch, the party stepped into a wide stone passage. 3. ... Mrs. Baddle made the round of the room, candle in hand, to point out all its beauties. 4. "You don't respect me," said Dora, her voice trembling. 5. Together they ran back down the road, Мог still gripping her arm in a tight grip. 6. Men, their caps pulled down, their collars turned up, passed by. 7. Before he moved himself Bertrand said, his eyes on Dixon: "That's quite clear, is it?" 8. Constantia lay like a statue, her hands by her sides, the sheet up to her chin. She stared at the ceiling. 9. The strain of his indecision over, he felt like a man recovering, from an illness. 10. Four seconds later Dixon was on the way out of the hotel into the sunlight, his shilling in his pocket. 11. Another time when we were going through Feme Bay on our way back from a long excursion, it being a hot day and all of us thirsty, she suggested that we should go into the Dolphin and have a glass of beer. 12. Dinner over, Carrie went into the bathroom where they could not disturb her, and wrote a little note. 13. The patient's leg having been amputated, there was no doubt of his recovering soon. 14. The voices had receded; and James was left alone; his "ears standing up like a hare's; and fear creeping about his inwards.

130. Translate the sentences Into English, using the First Participle:

1. Она слышала, как ее отец ходит взад и вперед по террасе. 2. Строго говоря, это не совсем то, что я хотела сказать. 3. Том увидел, что в воде что-то быстро движется. 4. Приехав домой, он увидел, что его совсем не ждали. 5. Холодные лучи заходящего солнца освещали вершины деревьев. 6. Он заметил, что за ним кто-то следит и, поняв это, решил изменить свой путь. 7. Было слышно, как где-то вдалеке играла музыка. 8. Судя по тому, как ласково она на него смотрит, он ей нравится. 9. Видя, что собираются тучи, мы решили отложить прогулку. 10. Дойдя до середины, я почувствовала, что мост дрожит. 11. Было слышно, как больной стонет от боли. 12. Услышав шаги на пустынной улице, она насторожилась. 13. Стараясь скрыть свое Смущение, она начала что-то торопливо рассказывать, обращаясь к своему спутнику. 14. Выйдя в сад, я увидела, что дети мирно играют, как будто ничего не случилось. 15. Я наблюдала за тем, как внимательно он читал письмо. 16. Вообще говоря, у меня нет времени, чтобы выслушивать ее нелепые истории.

131. Replace the attributive and adverbial clauses in the following sentences by participle phrases:

1. We were tired and thirsty, for we had been on the road since eight o'clock in the morning, and it was a hot day. 2. One day towards evening when both the old people were sitting in front of their cottage, they caught sight of a young girl with a bundle in her hand. 3. The lady was waiting for her sister who was arriving by the 7.30 train. 4.1 hailed the first taxi that passed by and reached the station at ten minutes to three. 5. One morning, as Johnny was looking out of the window, he saw in his neighbour's orchard a great number of fine red apples which had fallen from the trees. 6. "Villain!" cried he, as he ran down to him. 7. "Oh, sir," said the poor boy who was trembling with fear, "it isn't my fault." 8. "May I come in?" she said as she pushed the door a little wider open. 9. "I'm late," she remarked, as she sat down and drew off her gloves. 10. Here and there were signs that the flower-beds had been trampled upon by excited villagers who tried to reach the windows. 11. As he did not know the way to the station very well he often stopped to ask people who were passing by. 12. He looked like an African savage who was being shown a simple conjuring trick. 13. The old woman told me with pride that the healthy-looking child that was playing beside us was her grandson. 14. She returned presently and brought a tray with a jug of milk. 15. The path which was leading through the coppice soon got lost in the high grass.

132. Replace the participle phrases in the following sentences by attributive or adverbial clauses:

1. A middle-aged woman, wearing a print apron, stood at the door of the cottage. 2. She looked down at the floor as though seeing something there. 3. On a sunny afternoon arriving at the house in Malta Street, Jacob found it deserted. 4. A snake sleeping in the grass will bite if anyone treads upon it. 5. Being seven, she often wore her favourite brown velvet frock barely reaching the knees of her thin legs. 6. Suddenly, while watching the fear she was trying to hide, he believed her story. 7. The golden light, still lying in sheets upon the water, dazzled Nan for a moment. 8.1 felt a bitter envy towards the two small boys walking along the path with their mother at that moment. 9. It's an old face for twenty-five, Jan thought, watching the wrinkles that fanned out from eyes to temples. 10. Jim, not being sure of her real intentions, merely looked at her and paused for a moment. 11. Having satisfied himself that each guest had a plate of food and a glass of water, he was anxious to make conversation. 12. Returning home late at night, he found everybody in bed. 13. Reaching the top of the hill my companion stopped. 14. Having filled his pockets with apples, the boy was about to run away when he saw the owner of the garden with a stick in his hand. 15. The letter, beginning with "Dear sir" was not signed. 16. Having addressed and sealed the parcel, I went out at once to the Main Post Office.

133. Translate the sentences into English, using attributive participle phrases, where possible:

1. Старик, работавший в саду, не сразу заметил меня. 2. Высокий человек оказался инженером, работавшим на этом заводе несколько лет тому назад. 3. Мальчика, продававшего газеты, уже не было видно. 4. Девушка, продававшая неподалеку фиалки, казалось, чем-то напоминала Элизу Дулятл. Очевидно, я был склонен увидеть в Англии то, что когда-то читал о ней. 5. Жители деревни, видевшие девочку в то утро, говорили, что она шла в дальний конец деревни, где была речка. 6. Все, читавшие юмористические рассказы этого писателя, не могут не восхищаться ими. 7. Студенты, читавшие этот очерк, говорят, что он труден для перевода. 8. Мой друг, посетивший Панамский канал, рассказывает много интересного о своем путешествии. 9. Туристы, посетившие Музей Изобразительных Искусств одновременно со мной, выражали вслух свое восхищение. 10. Наконец молодой человек, читавший иллюстрированный журнал, поднял голову и взглянул на меня. 11. Человек, спрашивавший дорогу к мосту Ватерлоо, вдруг куда-то исчез. 12. Молодой рабочий, спрашивавший меня, откуда я приехал, показался мне знакомым, я определенно его уже видел. Но где? 13. Он заметил, что пожилой джентльмен, пристально смотревший на него, делает ему таинственные знаки. 14. Человек, принесший письмо от Артура, хотел поговорить с ней наедине. 15. Они часто думали о своих друзьях, работавших на Дальнем Востоке. 16. Наши друзья, работавшие на Дальнем Востоке, вернулись в Москву. 17. Мики, переводивший трудную статью, даже не взглянул на меня. 18. Мики, переводивший эту статью, говорит, что мы должны непременно прочесть ее в оригинале. 19. Шофер, медленно вылезший из машины, выглядел очень усталым.

134. Point out the Second Participle and state its functions in the sentence:

1. His name was well-known among the younger writers of France. 2. London, like most cities which have a long history behind them, is not really one single city, but rather a collection of once separated towns and villages which in the course of time have grown together. 3. The door opened. A little frightened girl stood in the light that fell from the passage. 4. The broad thoroughfare which runs between Trafalgar Square and the Houses of Parliament, is known as Whitehall. 5. The child kept silent and looked frightened. 6. Finella glanced up at the top of the hill. High in the air, a little figure, his hands thrust in his short jacket pockets, stood staring out to sea. 7. He lived in a little village situated at the foot of a hill. 8. He fell asleep exhausted by his journey. 9. If you hadn't caught sight of him at the door he might have slipped out unnoticed. 10. In the coppice they sat down on a fallen free. 11. Seen from the Vorobyev Hills the city looks magnificent, and especially at night in the electric light. 12. She entered the drawing-room accompanied by her husband and her father. 13. On one side the Kremlin opens upon Red Square. There, near the Kremlin Wall, is Lenin Mausoleum, made of granite. 14. Presently I grew tired and went to bed. 15. Locked in her room, she flung herself on the bed and cried bitterly. 16. She sat for a while with her eyes shut. 17. The house in which Denby lives is little more than a cottage, looked at from outside, but there are more rooms in it than one would think.

133. Replace the attributive clauses in the following sentences by phrases with the Second Participle, where possible:

I. By a residential college we mean a college with a hostel which is usually situated on the same grounds as the principal building. 2. The slogan which was made by Mike's brother attracted everybody's attention. 3. The child that was left alone in the large room began to scream. 4.1 have a letter for you which was received two days ago. 5. They were all pleased with the results which were achieved by the end of the month. 6. His words, which he uttered in an under-tonie, reached my ears. 7. The boy who had broken the windowpane ran away and did not appear till the evening. 8. The storm that caused a lot of harm to the crops abated late at night. 9. He said that the book which I had chosen belonged to his grandfather. 10. I asked the librarian to show me the magazines which were sent from the German Democratic Republic. 11. Everybody felt that in the farewell dinner there was sadness which was mingled with festivity. 12. We were all looking at his smiling face which was framed in the window of the railway-carriage. 13. There was another pause which was broken by a fit of laughing of one of the old men sitting in the first row. 14. There lay a loaf of brown bread which was divided into two halves. 15. The English people love their green hedges which are covered with leaf and flower in summer, and a blaze of gold and red in autumn. 16. From his essay we learn about various goods which are produced in Birmingham and the adjoining manufacturing towns. 17. The teacher told us that the centre of the cotton industry is Manchester, which is connected with Liverpool by a canal. 18. In the South of England we find fertile valleys which are divided by numerous hedges. 19. Tennis is one of the most popular games in England which is played all the year round. 20. They say that in their college, as well as in ours, the students have lots of exams which are held at the end of each term.

136. a) Translate the following word-groups into English. Pay attention to the place of the Second Participle:

иллюстрированный журнал; журнал, иллюстрированный известным художником; разбитое стекло; стекло, разбитое накануне; сломанный карандаш; ветка, сломанная ветром; взволнованные голоса; дети, взволнованные происшедшим; потерянный ключ; ключ, потерянный вчера; газеты, полученные из Лондона; письмо, написанное незнакомым почерком; закрытая дверь; дверь, запертая изнутри; девушка, приглашенная на вечер; упавшее дерево; книга, упавшая со стола; украденные документы; документы, украденные у секретаря; оконченное сочинение; сочинение, оконченное в спешке; мальчик, испуганный собакой; высокоразвитая индустриальная страна.

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